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助你高考
作者:总比分2-1领先 文章来源:漂亮的孕妈妈 点击数:5555 更新时间:2009/11/8 21:14:41

高考英语作文要求考生根据所给情景,用英语写一篇100个单词左右的短文,情景包括目的、对象、时间、地点、内容等;提供情景的形式有图画、图表、提纲等。

       本部分满分25/30分,所需时间约为30分钟。

1、先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定档次

第五档. 21~25分;第四档. 16~20分;第三档. 11~15分;第二档. 6~10 ;第一档.  1~5分; 0

2、主要内容:

  内容要点;覆盖所有内容要点

  词汇和语法的数量和准确性;应用了较多的语法结构和词汇

   上下文的连贯;有效地使用了语句间的连接成分

    语言的得体性;语言地道,规范

3、拼写和标点是语言准确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。

4、词数少于80和多于120的,从总分中减去2分。

5、如书写较差,以至影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。

如何算是一篇好文章?

1.覆盖了所有的要点

 2. 应用了较多的语法结构和词汇

 3. 有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。连接词的使用

 

 

 

 


怎样写一篇好文章

1、审题:题材、人称、时态、要点

2、以词及点:用一两个单词或短语写出每句话的细节要点。

3、联词成句:用联词成句的方法将上述要点的词语扩展成句子。

4   联句成文:

①主语和谓语

②背景(适当增加时间、地点条件等)

③逻辑关系

④开头与结尾

⑤语篇衔接

5、检查修改,规范抄写

如何增强书面表达效果的技巧

1. 使用较高级的词汇:词汇反映你知识贮存量的多少,也是衡量英语水平的一个重要标志。

2. 使用较丰富的句式:运用得当的句子结构可以给文章增色不少,从而使整篇文章因此而生辉

3. 使用恰当的连接词:使用恰当连接词,对写一篇有英语味的文章很重要,能使文章上下衔接自然、紧凑。

一、怎样使用较高级的词汇

1. Because the weather was good, our journey was comfortable.

Thanks to the good weather, our journey was comfortable.

2.We all think he is a great man.

We all think highly of him

3.Suddenly I thought out a good idea.

A good idea occurred to me. / A good idea suddenly struck me.

4.The students there needn’t pay for their books.

Books are free for the students there.

5. As a result the plan was a failure.

  The plan turned out to be a failure.

6. When she heard he had died, she went pale with sorrow.

At the news of his death, she went pale with sorrow.

She went to Austria for the purpose of studying music.

7. She went to Austria in order to study music.

The more he spoke, the more excited he felt.

8. When he spoke, he felt more and more excited.

Our school is made up of twenty–six classrooms.

9.In our school, there are twenty-six classrooms.

Our school is made up of twenty–six classrooms.

10.You can find my house easily.

You’ll have no trouble finding my house.

二、怎样运用丰富的句式:(常用到的句型结构)

  利用不同的句型来表达同一个意思,能增加文章的文采。

1. 感叹句  e.g.  How happy I was when I received your letter!

                What a kind boy he is!

                How disappointed he was !

2. 强调句  e.g.  It was this young boy that  helped the old granny.

                         I do hope you can come if possible.

3  倒装句  e.g.  Only in this way can you solve this problem.

                There comes the police car.

                Hardly had they got to the station

                when they met the young man.

4  省略句  e.g. They read while walking or riding on a bus.

                       Come to me if necessary.

5 with短语 e.g. I saw a young lady walking slowly in the street with a handbag in her hand.

6  定语从句 e.g. In my opinion, cyber cafes should be a place  where  we             find much useful information.

    Let’s come to the main teaching building, at the back of which stands the school library.

7  各种名词性从句 e.g.  That’s what I should do.

                  We should do a favour to whoever needs help at present.

8  各种状语从句   e.g. Time passed quickly before we knew it.

      The moment we reached the farm, we got down to harvesting.

     So long as we work harder at our lessons, we’ll catch up sooner or later.

      Do call me before hand so that I can meet you at the airport.

       They had to wait because the rain was getting more and more heavily.

高考大纲中常用的连接词

1. 表示递进;在同一话题上补充内容

     另外,还有:what is more; besides; also; moreover; in addition

2. 表示转折关系

      但是, 然而, 相反:but; however; yet; instead; on the other hand; on the contrary.

3. 表示因果关系

        因为,因此,所以: since; as; because (of ); so; thus; therefore; as a result;

4. 表示条件关系

      如果,只要: if ;on condition ( that ); as long as

      除非: unless   否则: or else

5. 表示时间关系

      的时候 : when ; while

      之后: after          之前: before          直到: until

      … : as soon as   

      后来, 然后: later; afterwards

      不久: soon 近来: lately; recently

      自从… :since   从那时起: from then on

6.  表示特定的顺序关系

        首先, 最主要的: above all    

        其次: secondly    然后: then; next

         最后: finally; in the end

7. 换一种方法表述

       换句话说: in other words;  that is to say;

8. 进行举例说明

      例如,比如: for instance; for example;  like; such as

9. 用于陈述事实

     实际上: in fact/as a matter of  fact;  actually;

     跟你说实话 : to tell you the truth

10.  对一个话题进行总结

     总而言之,总的来说: on the whole; in short; all in all; in general; in a word

  1.   其它常用到的副词

       Therefore ;  otherwise ; finally ; furthermore ;Thus ; namely ;

       although ; afterwards ; personally;  

三、怎样使用恰当的连接词

1. On one side of the road there is a new classroom building.On the other side,where the playground used to be now stands another new building—our library. (NMET1999 范文)

2. As far as I know, everyone is happy about this new arrangement of things.(NMET2001 范文)

3. What’s more, I can go to bed earlier. (NMET2001 范文)

请在下列句子中(间)填上恰当的关联词或意思有联系的短语。

1. Xiao Ming was walking in the street ___________ he heard someone cry for help.

2. He advised that I hire a car ____________ I could travel around in the west .

3. It was not long _______  the police came .

4. ___________he heard the cry for help, he jumped into the water to save the girl.

5. Do you agree with  my arrangement ? ________ , do write to me soon.

6. We can go downtown and do some shopping. __________, we can pay a visit to some places of interest.

7. I shared the cost of the gas with my friends .___________, I saved $80.

8. Eating sugar is bad for our teeth. ___________ , it may make us fat. (KEYS)1. When, 2.in order that, 3.before, 4.As soon as, 5.If not/so, 6.In addition, 7.As a result, 8.What's worse

操练

1.请你给《中国日报》写一篇稿件,谈谈农村儿童失学的主要原因及你的看法。

原因

1 家庭贫穷,供不起儿童上学,他们不得不在家赚钱

      养家。

2、部分家长认为女孩上学无用,不愿让她们上学。

3 部分儿童对功课不感兴趣,不愿上学。

看法

1 每个儿童包括女孩都应有受教育的机会。

2、全社会都应重视儿童教育,他们对国家的未来将起到

      重要的作用。

Now in the country areas, there are many children out of school. Most families are poor and can’t afford their education. They have to stay at home and make money. Some parents think daughters needn’t go to school. They don’t let them go to school. Some children are not interested in their studies and wouldn’t like to go to school.

    All the children including girls should be educated . The whole society should pay attention to it. They’ll play an important part in the future of our country.

2.联合国教科文组织某考察团正在我国某乡村参观考察。假定你是接待人员,请根据下列提示以发言稿的形式简要介绍这个村的情况:

 1)大小:近100户人家,约500口人。

 2)变化:过去很穷,78年后变化很大。人们生活比以前好多了。现已旧貌换新颜。

 3)教育:原来的学校很小,现已经过改建。新建的教学楼有4层,是村里最美的建筑物。村所有学龄儿童在此免费就读。

     注意:1)要点齐全,前后连贯。2)词数:100-120之间。

Ladies and gentlemen,

     Welcome to our school! This village is very small. It has nearly 100 families and about 500 people. It used to be very poor. It has changed a lot since 1978 . People here are richer than before. Now it is taking on a new look.

In the past, the school here was very small . Now it has been rebuilt. The newly built teaching building has 4 storeys . It is the most beautiful building in the village. All the school-age children can study here. They enjoy free education in it.

  Thank you.

修改和润色

This village is a small one with/which has nearly 100 families and about 500 people.

However, it has changed a lot since 1978

and has been developing very fast.

People here live a much better life than before .

and most children   couldn’t afford to go to school. But now it has been rebuilt and

the newly built teaching building which has 4 storeys is the most beautiful one in the village.

What’s more,

May you enjoy your stay her/ May you have a pleasant time here!

 

Ladies and gentlemen,

       Welcome to our school ! This village is a small one——with/which has nearly 100 families and about 500 people. It used to be very poor. However, it has changed a lot since 1978 and has been developing very fast. People here live a much better life than before . Now it is taking on a new look.

      In the past, the school here was very small and most children couldn’t afford to go to school. But now it has been rebuilt and the newly built teaching building which has 4 storeys is the most beautiful one in the village. All the school-age children can study here. What’s more, they  enjoy free education.

  May you enjoy your stay here / May you have a pleasant time here!

 Thank you.

不同问题的应用文

  1. 书信

开头Thanks for your last letter.

          I am writing just to inform you ……

          In reply to your last letter, I am writing

          to explain the two questions as follows: ……

结尾Looking forward to your reply/hearing from you!

  Thanks for your consideration.

  Do remember me to your parents!

2. 叙事

    It is quite obvious/clear that… ( 很显然……)

    There is no doubt that… (毫无疑问……)

     Take …as an example.  (……为例)

     On one hand,… on the other hand… (一方面,……另一方面)

     Only in this way shall we… (只有这样我们才能……)

     As far as…is concerned, I prefer…(……而言,我更……)

     Measures/Action should be taken to…(必须采取措施去……)

     For the reasons given above, I feel that…(鉴于以上原因,我觉得

    What these people fail to consider is that…(这些人没有想到的是..)

     Undoubtedly there is a long way to go before…(毫无疑问要……

      还有很长的路要走)

Therefore, I strongly recommend that …(因此, 我强烈建议

All the facts show that…(所有的事实显示……)

 I like …not only because… but also because…(我喜欢……

     不仅因为……而且因为……)

 I am writing to you to inquire about…(我写信给你想询问……)

 I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with/at…(我给你

     写信表示我对……的不满)

 I apologize to you for…(我为……向你道歉)

 I am grateful to you for…(我为……向你表示感谢)

 Mr. Green, my best friend, is teaching…

 Mr. Green, a favorite teacher from the USA, is teaching…

结束语Closing

          亲人、家属:Yours lovingly  ; 

                                Yours affectionately

          朋友、平辈:Sincerely yours

                                Yours sincerely

          上级、长者:Yours respectfully

                                Respectfully yours

          单位、部门:Yours sincerely

                                 Yours faithfully

便 条(病/事假条)

          June 5th , 2000

          Dear Mr. Zhao,

                   I am sorry that I am unable to attend school during the following week because of the Sports Meet. The school expects me to play an important part in it . And I will be back to class in a week .

                   I hope you will excuse my absence .(in fact , I take a French leave)

                                                   Yours respectfully

                                                          Charles

          Encl: the PE Teacher’s certificate (证明)

通知、通告NOTICE/ANNOUNCEMENT

          口头通知:

          Ladies and Gentlemen,

              May I have you attention please?

                                     

          书面通知:

                        NOTICE

                In celebration of May Day , there will be ---               

                                       

                                                      School Office

          April 25th , 2000                                        

日记   Diary

          Wednesday  May 5th                     Cloudy

         It is nearly a month since I began keeping diaries. I find it a very good exercise in English composition.

          I got back my essay on A Visit to  the  Park . It was marked with  A.There were only three mistakes in it: one in grammar and two in idiom.

          I’m happy to see that I can now express myself in English more usually than ever before.

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